Rachel and I both graduated from Bethel University with Art teaching degrees. Recently, I noticed some of her students work online and was extremely impressed. I asked Rachel if she would be willing to guest-author a post for this blog, and I’m grateful that she was. Read on to learn more about her fantastic “Wycinanki” Paper Cutting Project.
“Wycinanki” Paper Cutting Project
My 8th grade students studied an art form from Poland called “Wycinanki” – Polish for “paper cutting” – that has been around for centuries. When Polish shepards felt their homes were too boring and plain, they would use huge sheep shearing scissors to cut elaborate designs into tree bark or leather. Eventually, they started using colorful paper. As time has passed, techniques, colors, and styles have come to vary between regions of Poland.
My students were given the choice between creating an exact (mirrored) symmetrical design or a radial symmetrical design. Then they were shown different folding techniques they could use to get an array of patterns. The students then chose from a variety of thin, colored papers. The students were encouraged to create a design first by drawing it onto a folded up piece of paper, then cut on the lines by using scissors and xacto knives. Students were given lots of images to use as inspiration, but they came up with their own unique design. The process is a lot like making paper craft-snowflakes but is, of course, more complex.
To start a radial design:
(If you are doing an exact “mirrored” symmetry design, only fold the paper once in half, then follow the same steps)
- Fold one corner of a rectangular piece of thin colored paper (or origami paper) over to the edge:
- Cut off extra strip in order to create a square piece of paper:
- Fold one acute corner to the opposite repeatedly until you get whatever number of “pie pieces” you desire. We usually folded to 8-12 “pie pieces”:
- When you cut, never cut from one edge to the other, or you will sever most of your design! The skinnier your cuts, and the more of them you do, the more complex your design will be:
- Open carefully:
- Next, we spray adhesive (extra strength) all over the back, and stick it down carefully to a different colored piece of paper (roughly the same size as the opened radial design).
- We then used an X-Acto blade to cut “windows through each opening, leaving a border of the second color showing, and glue to another layer:
9. Repeat until you achieve the look you want! I also encouraged students to glue small pieces onto the top layer as well.
About Rachel Saarela:
Rachel Saarela has been teaching middle school art for four years in the Anoka-Hennepin School District. Currently, she is teaching Ceramics/Sculpture 1, Painting 1, and Art Lab 1 at Anoka Middle School for the Arts, an arts magnet school in Anoka, MN. She loves getting kids excited about what they are capable of when it comes to art. In her own time, she loves painting and photography. Her undergraduate degree is from Bethel University. She currently resides in Andover, MN, with her husband, dog, and two cats.